Write a 10 pages paper on major effective icts that support the logistic management components. The rationale of this report is to analyze the major effective ICTs that support the logistics management components. The ICTs entail the Warehouse Management System (WMS), Transport Management Systems, and GIS. Warehouse Management Systems Many organizations are not successful because they pay little attention to the management of warehouses. Effective warehouse management based on the increased customer services and larger proportions of stock-keeping units is crucial. The effective management of the warehouses in organizations is achievable by the introduction of technologies like the Warehouse Management Systems (Emmett 2005, p.135). The Warehouse Management Systems (WMS) are used in supporting one of the major logistics management components, warehousing. The returns from retailers, supplier rejects, and packaging returns are stored in warehouses in organizations. Poor management of returns may increase a company’s expenses because they cause extra labor-intensive processes. These returns may increase business expenses by approximately 6% (Emmett 2005). The Warehouse Management Systems help in lessening such expenses since they make administrative tracking and handling support easier and quicker. The software can give many recovery options and communicate the options to other actors (Emmett 2005). The Warehouse Management Systems work by gathering information about products and informing the management about the incoming returns. The two major examples of Warehouse Management Systems include the options that handling the returns and the proprietary system. Common software that supports the ICT is the R-log, which helps in controlling returns after combination with the system’s component called the return centers. In the R-log, all products are labeled with a barcode after delivery to the return centers. In the return center, all labeled returns are directed to their containers. The options for recovering the returns or disposing of them (Dekker, Fleischmann, Inderfurth et la 2004). Organizations can get many benefits after the implementation of the Warehouse Management System. Managing returns are labor-intensive and organizations spend more money on hiring individuals to manage the returns. However, if an organization uses technology, its expenses can reduce since it will not have to employ many individuals in the warehouse sectors. The WMS can handle all the activities like receiving stocks, generation of pick lists, and replenishing pick faces in warehouses. It is beneficial since it upgrades the process of controlling stock in organizations. Additionally, it makes it easy for organizations to locate stocks, which would be a difficult task without the system. Organizations that use the system have reported the increased levels of products and upgraded management reporting (Dekker, Fleischmann, Inderfurth et la 2004). The system is also advantageous since it can be combined with ordering systems like online systems. These systems enable consumers to order goods while at home (Emmett 2005). They can also give direct information regarding how consumers can order goods and how they can pick them. This is once they have been dispatched by the organization. The system reduces the errors that would happen if the operation were carried out manually through cross-checking and validation. The accuracy of order fulfilment can be achievable if the system is fully used in a correct manner (Emmett 2005).

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